Three Amazing Facts & Misconceptions About Water


Water, the key to life on earth is present in every living thing. While seemingly abundant on Earth water is certainly not a simple chemical. In fact it is one of the oddest things out there, and it may be more deceiving than you could have ever imagined. Here we will explore 3 common misconceptions and strange phenomena of what we hold dearest, water.

 

How much of the Earth is actually water?
I bet most of you guys think you already know the answer to this question, that water covers 70% of Earth’s surface. That is true but that doesn’t

answer how much there is but rather how much is exposed. What I want to know is if you were to collect all of that water and roll it up into a ball, how big would it be? Or at least, how big would it be compared to the earth. Well to get an idea of the comparison we must first know how big the earth is; the earth is estimated to be about 8,000 miles in diameter, while all of the water on earth rolled up into a large sphere would only have a diameter of 860 miles. That’s less than 11% of the size of the Earth, but don’t get me wrong it is still quite large. 860 miles is the distance as Salt Lake City is from Oklahoma City.

 

Dihydrogen Monoxide
Also known simply as H2O, dihydrogen monoxide is a more “scientific” way of saying H2O. It was also the star of a major hoax used as an example to show much scientifically illiterate the general public is. The idea was introduced in 1990 but Craig Jackson refined it into what it is today. Although a hoax, nothing they said was false, however through scare tactics they were able to convince average people to sign the petition – fake of course – to ban dihydrogen monoxide or DHMO. If you are interested in how people could have though it was dangerous, just read some of its harmful effects:
• It is a


major component of acid rain
• Contributes to the erosion of landscapes
• Contributes to the greenhouse effect
• Has been found in terminal cancer patients
• Has been found babies with birth defects
• Prolonged exposure of it DHMO in its solid state can cause severe tissue damage
• Withdrawal of the chemical will lead to death
• Is used in nuclear power plants
• DHMO can carry many deadly diseases
• If inhaled, DHMO can be fatal.
• It is one of the leading causes of car accidents every year. About 24% of all car accidents are the result of DHMO, killing about 7,100 people every year.

 

Just as a reminder in case you have forgotten, DHMO is water. This activity has been updated and extended over the years because of its popularity. I bet it would have fooled most of you out there – unless you’re scientifically literate if course – but I probably would have been fooled by this too.

 

 

How many phases of water are there?
Alright, you know this. There’s ice, water and … steam, that’s all 3 phases right. Well, not exactly; there are more than 3 phases, in fact ice has alone has 15 phases. These different phases are differentiated by different crystalline structures and densities. The different phases of ice can be achieved by decreasing temperatures and increasing pressures to their extremes. In most recent times, some ice phases are Ice-Xlll and Ice-XlV, which were discovered in 2006. In 2009 ice-XV was discovered, it is also thought that at even higher pressures, ice may even become metallic.

To see strange misconceptions of our moon click here.



Article Written By GDop26

RIT student

Last updated on 22-07-2016 137 0

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